unknown@wiki 【EC】Ithaka


by C.P. Cavafy (1863-1933)
Translated by Edmund Keeley & Philip Sherrard

As you set out for Ithaka
hope your road is a long one,
full of adventure, full of discovery.
Laistrygonians, Cyclops,
angry Poseidon-don't be afraid of them:
you'll never find things like that on your way
as long as you keep your thoughts raised high,
as long as a rare excitement
stirs your spirit and your body.
Laistrygonians, Cyclops,
wild Poseidon-you won't encounter them
unless you bring them along inside your soul,
unless your soul sets them up in front of you.

//set out for: に向けて出発する

Hope your road is a long one.
May there be many summer mornings when,
with what pleasure, what joy,
you enter harbors you're seeing for the first time;
may you stop at Phoenician trading stations to buy fine things,
mother of pearl and coral, amber and ebony,
sensual perfume of every kind-
as many sensual perfumes as you can;
and may you visit many Egyptian cities
to learn and go on learning from their scholars.

//coral: サンゴ,:marine organism: a marine organism that lives in colonies and has an external skeleton. : deep pinkish orange color: a deep pinkish orange color
//amber: yellow fossil resin: a hard translucent fossil resin varying in color from yellow to light brown. Use: jewelry, ornaments
//ebony: brownish black color: black tinged with olive or brown

Keep Ithaka always in your mind.
Arriving there is what you're destined for.
But don't hurry the journey at all.
Better if it lasts for years,
so you're old by the time you reach the island,
wealthy with all you've gained on the way,
not expecting Ithaka to make you rich.
Ithaka gave you the marvelous journey.
Without her you wouldn't have set out.
She has nothing left to give you now.

////destined for: する運命になっている

And if you find her poor, Ithaka won't have fooled you.
Wise as you will have become, so full of experience,
you'll have understood by then what these Ithakas mean

// maritime country = a country of sailors and traders
//put me down: Don't put down yourself. そういじけるな。
//mythological: 神話の
//All the efforts we made were in vain. 私たちの努力がすべて無駄に終わってしまった
//keep your sprit tie
//clarification:〔不明点・意味などの〕明確化、説明、釈明、解明: Thanks for your clarification!

"Seeking Ithaka"

Ithaka was the island home of the legendary Greek hero, Odysseus. After his involvement in the Trojan War, Odysseus spent ten years wandering. During these ten years he had adventures, underwent numerous tests of his courage and arrived home a different person. Like so many things from Greek Mythology, the odyssey has become etched into our psyche, having come to mean a long, transformative journey. The epic Star Wars is a fine example of renovating this heroic theme and many writer's describe their personal journey as an odyssey.

In the poem Ithaka C P Cavafy emphasizes the immense value of individual experience. According to Cavafy, angry Poseidon, the savages and the Cyclops do not really exist or, if they do, they only exist in the mind of the individual. Ithaka itself is simply an excuse for a long journey. It is all about the journey. There is no hurry and you cannot get lost for there is no destination. Rather you arrive where you are meant to be. The journey itself is immensely important. On your way you may acquire: Mother of pearl and coral, amber and ebony, And sensuous perfumes of every kind but the journey itself teaches you what Ithaka is.

Cavafy's poems are significant because he seems bent on demonstrating that it is not the great, completed accomplishment, or successful quest, which is of importance. Rather the importance lies in the first steps taken or the incidents along the way.

List of unfamiliar nouns:

1. The Laestrygonians (or Laestrygones, Laistrygones, Laistrygonians, Lestrygonians) were a mythological tribe of gigantic cannibals. Odysseus went to the land of the Laestrygonians and sent three of his men there, where they saw a girl by a spring, who was a daughter of a Laestrygonian. She directed the men to her father's home where he ate one of Odysseus' men. Only the men that stayed on Odysseus' ship are able to escape alive.

2. In Greek mythology a Cyclops (pronounced Cycl�ps), or Kyklops (Greek Κ�κλωψ), is a member of a primordial race of giants, each with a single round eye in the middle of its forehead.

3. In Greek mythology, Poseidon (Greek: Ποσειδ�ν; Latin: Nept�nus) was the god of the sea, as well as of horses and, as "Earth-Shaker," of earthquakes.

4. Phoenicia = An ancient maritime country of southwest Asia consisting of city-states along the eastern Mediterranean Sea in present-day Syria and Lebanon. Its people became the foremost navigators and traders of the Mediterranean by 1250 b.c. and established numerous colonies, including Carthage in northern Africa. The Phoenicians traveled to the edges of the known world at the time and introduced their alphabet, based on symbols for sounds rather than cuneiform or hieroglyphic representations, to the Greeks and other early peoples. Phoenicia's culture was gradually absorbed by Persian and later Hellenistic civilizations.