unknown@wiki 【EC】simile


A simile is a figure of speech that says that one thing is like another different thing. We can use similes to make descriptions more emphatic or vivid.
We often use the words as...as and like with similes.

//figure of speech 比喩(的表現)、言葉{ことば}のあや
//emphatic /im-'fa-tik/ :uttered with or marked by emphasis

Common patterns for similes, with example sentences, are:

** something [is*] AS adjective AS something
His skin was as cold as ice.
It felt as hard as rock.
She looked as gentle as a lamb.
//lamb : a young sheep
//as gentle as a lamb 小羊のようにおとなしい、とても[極めて・非常に]おとなしい[従順な]
//as innocent as a lamb 〔小羊{こひつじ}のように〕純真無垢{じゅんしん むく}な、無邪気{むじゃき}な
comparing A to B AをBに例える
emotional condition
quality of character

** something [is*] LIKE something
My love is like a red, red rose.
These cookies taste like garbage.
He had a temper (that was) like a volcano.

** something [does**] LIKE something
He eats like a pig.
//the way he eats
He smokes like a chimney.
They fought like cats and dogs.
// like cats and dogs 仲が悪い、犬猿{けんえん}の仲
human ユーマン

* stative verb: be, feel, smell, taste etc
** action verb

Here are some more examples of well known similes:

[is] AS adjective AS something---- meaning
as blind as a bat---- completely blind
as cold as ice---- very cold a usually rounded natural elevation of land lower than a mountain

as flat as a pancake---- completely flat
as gentle as a lamb---- very gentle
as light as a feather---- very light
as old as the hills----very old
as sharp as a knife---- very sharp
as strong as a bull----very strong
as white as snow---- pure white
as wise as an owl---- very wise

[is] LIKE something  possible meaning (depending on context) 
like a rose  beautiful
like a volcano  explosive
like garbage  disgusting
like an animal  inhuman
like spaghetti  entangled
like dewdrops  sweet and pure 
like golddust  precious
like a tip  very untidy (tip = garbage dump) 
like a dream  wonderful, incredible
like stars  bright and beautiful 

does] LIKE something  meaning
to drink like a fish  to drink a lot 
to eat like a bird to eat very little 
to eat like a horse  to eat a lot 
to eat like a pig to eat impolitely 
to fight like cats and dogs    to fight fiercely 
to sing like an angel to sing beautifully 
to sleep like a log  to sleep well and soundly 
to smoke like a chimney to smoke heavily, all the time 
to soar like an eagle to fly high and free 
to work like a dog  to work very hard